It is the largest city in Peru's northern highlands. It is an area of popular culture, where the Carnaval celebration is held. In its surroundings you find the archaeological complex of Cumbemayo.
Its climate is mild and dry, with warm days and cold nights. The average temperature is 15° C. The surrounding mountains are semi arid, and it has a rainy season that runs from December to March, due to its proximity to the Equator.
It has an interesting colonial and baroque architecture style, which can be found in the houses of Bethlehem, La Recoleta and San Francisco, along with the architecture of the Cathedral.
In its surroundings you find the district of Baños del Inca, famous for its thermal springs and therapeutic properties that they contain. Furthermore, it is 20 kilometers from the archaeological complex of Cumbemayo where ceremonial altars and aqueducts made by the cultures that were there before the Incas. Another archaeological site is Kuntur Wasi, where they have found stone platforms, also pre Inca.
Three blocks from the main square of the city is the hill of Santa Apolonia, which corresponds to a viewpoint and where you can see a panoramic view of the city. TTo go up there are stone stairs, but you can also go up by car.
The main economic activity of the area is mining, with the Yanacocha mine one of the largest gold deposits in Peru.